The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020
Born: 11 December 1968, Juvisy-sur-Orge, France
Affiliation at the time of the award: Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany
Prize motivation: "for the development of a method for genome editing."
Prize share: 1/2
The life processes of organisms are controlled by genes made up of sections of DNA. In 2012, Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna developed a methodology for high precision changes to genes. They used the immune defenses of bacteria, which disable viruses by cutting their DNA up with a type of genetic scissors. By extracting and simplifying the gene scissors’ molecular components, they were able to make a tool that could be used to cut any DNA molecule at a predetermined site. The CRISPR/Cas9 gene scissors can lead to new scientific discoveries, better crops and new weapons in the fight against cancer and genetic diseases.
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.