Jennifer A. Doudna
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2020
Born: 19 February 1964, Washington, D.C., USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
Prize motivation: “for the development of a method for genome editing”
Prize share: 1/2
The life processes of organisms are controlled by genes made up of sections of DNA. In 2012, Jennifer Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier developed a method for high-precision genome editing. They used the immune system of a bacterium, which disables viruses by cutting their DNA up with a type of genetic scissors. By extracting and simplifying the genetic scissors' molecular components, they made it generally applicable. The CRISPR/Cas9 genetic scissors can lead to new scientific discoveries, better crops and new weapons in the fight against cancer and genetic diseases.
Their work and discoveries range from paleogenomics and click chemistry to documenting war crimes.
See them all presented here.