The Nobel Prize in Literature 1975
Born: 12 October 1896, Genoa, Italy
Died: 12 September 1981, Milan, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.