The Nobel Prize in Literature 1975
Born: 12 October 1896, Genoa, Italy
Died: 12 September 1981, Milan, Italy
Residence at the time of the award: Italy
Prize motivation: "for his distinctive poetry which, with great artistic sensitivity, has interpreted human values under the sign of an outlook on life with no illusions."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.