Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.
Born: 24 May 1940, Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), USSR (now Russia)
Died: 28 January 1996, New York, NY, USA
Residence at the time of the award: USA
Prize motivation: "for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with clarity of thought and poetic intensity."
Language: English (prose) and Russian (poetry)
Prize share: 1/1
See the list of all Nobel Prizes, awarded for "the greatest benefit to mankind."
In his will, Alfred Nobel left 31 million SEK to found the Nobel Prizes.
Medicine Laureate Shinya Yamanaka talks about the importance of taking risks.