The Nobel Prize in Literature 1994
Born: 31 January 1935, Uchiko, Japan
Residence at the time of the award: Japan
Prize motivation: "who with poetic force creates an imagined world, where life and myth condense to form a disconcerting picture of the human predicament today."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.