The Nobel Prize in Literature 1998
Born: 16 November 1922, Azinhaga, Portugal
Died: 18 June 2010, Lanzarote, Spain
Residence at the time of the award: Portugal
Prize motivation: "who with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.