The Nobel Prize in Literature 2006
Born: 7 June 1952, Istanbul, Turkey
Residence at the time of the award: Turkey
Prize motivation: "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.