8. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Nobel Laureate Carleton Gajdusek studied a disease called kuru which spread among the Fore people in New Guinea through cannibalistic rituals. Kuru means shivering or trembling in the Fore language. The picture, taken by Gajdusek in 1957, shows an 8-year old girl in an advanced stage of kuru.
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.