The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2020
Born: 1949, United Kingdom
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
Prize motivation: "for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus."
Prize share: 1/3
Hepatitis is a group of diseases that cause inflammation of the liver. It can be caused by different viruses that are transmitted through blood. After Harvey Alter had demonstrated that a previously unknown virus transmitted the disease, Michael Houghton and his colleagues were able to isolate the virus’s genome in 1989. The virus turned out to be an RNA virus from the Flavivirus family and was given the name the hepatitis C virus. The finding was an important step in developing blood tests and new medications that have saved millions of lives.
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.