Charles Glover Barkla

Facts

Charles Glover Barkla

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Charles Glover Barkla

Born: 7 June 1877, Widnes, United Kingdom

Died: 23 October 1944, Edinburgh, Scotland

Affiliation at the time of the award: Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for his discovery of the characteristic Röntgen radiation of the elements."

Charles Glover Barkla received his Nobel Prize one year later, in 1918.

Prize share: 1/1

Work

Following the discovery of X-rays, it was soon established that an irradiated compound emitted secondary X-rays. In secondary spectra, lines appeared corresponding to different wavelengths. Around 1906, Charles Barkla showed that each element's secondary spectrum was unique, irrespective of temperature, structure, and chemical composition. Its spectrum was therefore a characteristic property of an atom and thus became an important tool in atomic research.

To cite this section
MLA style: Charles Glover Barkla – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Wed. 17 Oct 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1917/barkla/facts/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.