Born: February 28, 1930, New York City, married, two children.
A.B. 1951; A.M. 1953; Ph.D. 1954, all at Columbia University.
Member, Institute for Advanced Study, 1954-55.
Research Associate, University of Illinois, 1955-57.
Assistant Professor, Ohio State University, 1957-58.
Associate Professor, 1958-62; Professor, 1962-66; Henry Ledyard Goddard University Professor, 1966-74; Thomas J. Watson, Sr., Professor of Science, 1974-, Brown University.
Visiting Professor, various universities and summer schools.
Consultant, various governmental agencies, industrial and educational organizations, various public lectures, international conferences and symposia.
Executive Committee of the International Neural Network Society.
Member, Defense Science Board.
NSF Postdoctoral Fellow, 1954-55.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Research Fellow, 1959-66.
Doctor of Sciences (honoris causa), Columbia University, 1973; University of Sussex, 1973; University of Illinois, 1974; Brown University, 1974; Gustavus Adolphus College, 1975; Ohio State University, 1976; Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, 1977.
Comstock Prize (with J.R. Schrieffer), National Academy of Sciences, 1968.
Nobel Prize (with J. Bardeen and J.R. Schrieffer), 1972.
Award of Excellence, Graduate Faculties Alumni of Columbia University, 1974.
Descartes Medal, Academie de Paris, Université Rene Descartes, 1977.
John Jay Award, Columbia College, 1985.
Award for Distinguished Achievement, Columbia University, 1990.
Who’s Who, Who’s Who in America, Who’s Who in the World, various other listings.
Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Physical Society; Member, American Philosophical Society, National Academy of Sciences, Society of Neuroscience, American Association for the Advancement of Science, Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi; Sponsor, Federation of American Scientists.
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.