Sir Martin Ryle

Facts

Sir Martin Ryle

Photo from the Nobel Foundation archive.

Sir Martin Ryle

Born: 27 September 1918, Brighton, United Kingdom

Died: 14 October 1984, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Prize motivation: "for their pioneering research in radio astrophysics: Ryle for his observations and inventions, in particular of the aperture synthesis technique, and Hewish for his decisive role in the discovery of pulsars."

Prize share: 1/2

Work

Stars and other astronomical objects emit not only visible light, but also radio waves. In the 1940s Martin Ryle developed a telescope designed to capture radio waves and methods for reading and processing the data received. By connecting a number of telescopes several kilometers from one another, he created the equivalent of a telescope as large as the entire surface between the individual telescopes. This paved the way for a precise mapping of stars and galaxies and a clearer picture of the universe's evolution.

To cite this section
MLA style: Martin Ryle – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Media AB 2018. Fri. 21 Sep 2018. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/1974/ryle/facts/>

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