The Nobel Prize in Literature 1999
Born: 16 October 1927, Danzig (now Gdansk), Free City of Danzig (now Poland)
Died: 13 April 2015, Lübeck, Germany
Residence at the time of the award: Federal Republic of Germany
Prize motivation: "whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgotten face of history."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.