Martinus J.G. Veltman
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1999
Born: 27 June 1931, Waalwijk, the Netherlands
Died: 4 January 2021, Bilthoven, the Netherlands
Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Prize motivation: "for elucidating the quantum structure of electroweak interactions in physics."
Prize share: 1/2
According to modern physics, four fundamental forces exist in nature. Electromagnetic interaction is one of these. The weak interaction - responsible, for example, for the beta decay of nuclei - is another. In the 1960s, a unified theory was formulated for these two forces: the electroweak interaction. However, certain problems still remained to be solved. In the early 1970s, Martinus Veltman and Gerardus t'Hooft formulated and tested a mathematical theory that further explained the electroweak interaction.
Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.
See them all presented here.