The Nobel Prize in Literature 1971
Born: 12 July 1904, Parral, Chile
Died: 23 September 1973, Santiago, Chile
Residence at the time of the award: Chile
Prize motivation: "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from cancer therapy and laser physics to developing proteins that can solve humankind’s chemical problems. The work of the 2018 Nobel Laureates also included combating war crimes, as well as integrating innovation and climate with economic growth. Find out more.