The Nobel Prize in Literature 1971
Born: 12 July 1904, Parral, Chile
Died: 23 September 1973, Santiago, Chile
Residence at the time of the award: Chile
Prize motivation: "for a poetry that with the action of an elemental force brings alive a continent's destiny and dreams."
Prize share: 1/1
Their work and discoveries range from how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen to our ability to fight global poverty.
See them all presented here.