Vortices give guidance


The Nobel Prize in Physics 2003


Alexei A. Abrikosov
Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, USA

Landau’s pupil, Alexei Abrikosov, realised almost immediately that Ginzburg and Landau’s theory can also describe those superconductors (type II) that can coexist with strong magnetic fields. According to Abrikosov’s theory this occurs because the superconductor allows the magnetic field to enter through vortices in the electron superfluid. These vortices can form regular structures, Abrikosov lattices, but disordered structures can also occur.

Abrikosov lattice
An Abrikosov lattice of vortices in a
type-II superconductor. The magnetic field passes through the vortices.

To cite this section
MLA style: Vortices give guidance. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2023. Sat. 25 Mar 2023. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2003/9527-vortices-give-guidance/>

Back to top Back To Top Takes users back to the top of the page

Nobel Prizes and laureates

Fourteen laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2022, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind. Their work and discoveries range from paleogenomics and click chemistry to documenting war crimes.

See them all presented here.
Nobel Prizes 2022

Explore prizes and laureates

Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize.