Philip N. Howard is a statutory professor of Internet studies at Balliol College at the University of Oxford. He is also the former Director of the Oxford Internet Institute at Oxford University, the leading center of research and teaching on technology and society. Howard investigates the impact of digital media on political life around the world and he is a frequent commentator on global media and political affairs. Howard’s research has demonstrated how new information technologies are used in both civic engagement and social control in countries around the world. His projects on digital activism, computational propaganda, and modern governance have been supported by the European Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the United States Institute of Peace, and Intel’s People and Practices Group. He has published 9 books and more than 140 academic articles, book chapters, conference papers, and commentary essays on information technology, international affairs, and public life. Howard has been on the teaching faculty at the Central European University, Columbia University, Northwestern University, the University of Oslo, and the University of Washington. He has had fellowship appointments at the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life Project in Washington, DC; the Stanhope Centre for Communications Policy Research at the London School of Economics; the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University; and the Center for Information Technology Policy at Princeton University. His B.A. is in political science from Innis College at the University of Toronto, his M.Sc. is in economics from the London School of Economics, and his Ph.D. is in sociology from Northwestern University.